In the ancient times, Palmyra was an important city in the middle of Syria. This is the only way which must be passed if travellers want to cross Syria dessert. It was once called Tadmor, which is recorded on a Babylonia stone plate found in Mari. Although this city fell out of use since 16th century, people still remember Tadmor. A new habitat near the historical sites owns the same name.
Palmyra is a rich and elegant city in middle ages. It was located along the trade route and under the control of Roman Empire. After those splendid days, the Arabian citizens in Palmyra followed the customs and clothing of Iran in the east and Greek and Rome in the west.
As recorded in Hebrew Bible, Tadmor was built by Bathsheba of Judea - son of David. During the reign of Tiberius, Palmyra became a part of Roman province of Syria. As an important trade route, Palmyra plays a more and more important role in connecting Persia, India, China and Roman Empire. In 634, the first group of Muslim came to Palmyra. In 636, this city was occupied by Muslim Arabians. After 800 A.D, people began to abandon this ancient city.